Adi Shankaracharya was an early 8th century Indian philosopher and theologian who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. The term Advaita refers to its idea that the true self, Atman(soul), is the same as the highest metaphysical reality of universe, God.

SRI SANKARACHARYA is credited with unifying and establishing the main currents of thought in Hinduism. His works in Sanskrit discuss the unity of the soul and Nirguna Brahman “god without attributes”.

Vedanta describes the nature of God or divine consciousness.Vedanta describes the state of self-realization in which the individual soul becomes merged in infinite God. A classic phrase from Vedanta philosophy affirms, “You are That.”

The seven planes of the mind:

  1. Desire to know (good intention)
  2. Reflection
  3. Diminution of all attachment from senses
  4. Realization of purity within ourselves “sattva guna”
  5. Non-attachment
  6. Absence of consciousness on external objects
  7. Stage of “turiya” transcendental or absolute state.

Mental obstacles in meditation:

These obstacles or negative qualities have to be negated, the self has to be purified with knowledge and highest form of love of self and everything around. Unconditional love in your being this is when the meditation happens with ease, where you are lost in your own awareness which is pure love.

  • Anger                                fickleness                                       greed
  • Back biting                       sense desire                                  hatred
  • Depression                      ill-will                                             impatience
  • Doubt                               sloth and torpor                           independent
  • Dreams                            flurry and worry                           jealousy
  • Evil thoughts                   perplexity                                     lower nature
  • False vision(ego)             force of old habits(samskara)   mental talking
  • Fear                                  gloom & despair                          Moha (passion)


Vedanta also refers to the “end of knowledge,” or the purpose of knowledge acquired on the path to self-realization and God. The schools of philosophy teach the oneness of all existence, the divinity of the soul, and the harmony of all religions. As one of the world’s most ancient and relevant philosophies, Vedanta applies equally to all religions, spiritual traditions, cultures, and countries.